Definitions (Oxford)

Competition versus cooperation

How can visualization help us grasp the nature of our complex relationships?


Oxford dictionary (pdf):



[mass noun]

  • the activity or condition of striving to gain or win something by defeating or establishing superiority over others

  • [count noun] an event or contest in which people take part in order to establish superiority or supremacy in a particular area

  • [in singular] the person or people over whom one is attempting to establish one’s supremacy or superiority; the opposition

  • Ecology; interaction between animal or plant species, or individual organisms, that are attempting to gain a share of a limited environmental resource.


[mass noun]

  • the action or process of working together to the same end

  • assistance, especially by complying readily with requests

  • Economics; the formation and operation of cooperatives.


[mass noun]

  • 1 the action of working with someone to produce something

  • [count noun] something produced in collaboration with someone

  • 2 traitorous cooperation with an enemy



  • 1 a thing intended; an aim or plan

  • [mass noun] the action or fact of intending

  • (someone’s intentions) a person‘s plans, especially a man’s, in respect to marriage

  • 2 Medicine; the healing process of a wound

  • 3 (intentions) Logic; conceptions formed by directing the mind towards an object.



  • 1 [mass noun] the feeling of wanting to know or learn about something or someone

  • the quality of exciting curiosity or holding the attention

  • [count noun] an activity or subject which one enjoys doing or studying

  • 2 [mass noun] money paid regularly at a particular rate for the use of money lent, or for delaying the repayment of a debt

  • 3 the advantage or benefit of a person or group

  • archaic the selfish pursuit of one’s own welfare; self-interest.

  • 4 a stake or involvement in an undertaking, especially a financial one

  • a legal concern, title, or right in property.

  • 5 (usually interests) a group or organization having a common concern, especially in politics or business



[mass noun]

  • the quality of being loyal

  • [count noun] (often loyalties) a strong feeling of support or allegiance



  • a serious disagreement or argument, typically a protracted one

[mass noun]

  • a prolonged armed struggle

  • [mass noun] a state of mind in which a person experiences a clash of opposing feelings or needs

  • a serious incompatibility between two or more opinions, principles, or interests


Leave a Reply